Tests and diagnosis

Diagnosing hypogonadism due to certain medical conditions

Once your doctor has reviewed your medical history to determine if there is an underlying condition that may be causing low testosterone levels and performed an exam, he or she can evaluate if your testosterone should be measured using standard blood tests.

Remember, AndroGel 1.62% is only approved for men with low testosterone that could be caused by certain medical conditions.

Conditions that may cause hypogonadism include:

  • Undescended or absent testes
  • Injury resulting in loss of testes
  • Inflammation of the testes
  • Surgical removal of testes
  • Genetic abnormalities, such as Klinefelter's syndrome, in which males have an extra "X" chromosome
  • Chemotherapy that causes loss of normal testicular function
  • Damage to testicles from alcohol or heavy metals
  • Genetic abnormalities that result in abnormal function of the hormones from the brain and pituitary that control the testes
  • Tumor, trauma, or radiation that involve the pituitary gland's control of the testes

Testosterone levels can vary from day to day, and by time of day, so at least two blood tests are needed to confirm a hypogonadism diagnosis. The first blood test will give your doctor a baseline. The second test confirms your levels and helps confirm a diagnosis.

There are two types of blood tests that can be done to measure your testosterone. The most common test measures the total testosterone in your body. Your doctor may also order a free testosterone test as well as additional tests to help confirm a diagnosis.

Since testosterone levels are at their peak in the morning, it’s recommended that blood tests are performed in the morning.

It is important to know that AndroGel 1.62% is not meant for use in women, children under the age of 18, or men with low testosterone due to aging alone.

Key points

  • You need to have an underlying medical condition causing hypogonadism to be a candidate for AndroGel 1.62%.
  • Your doctor can take a medical history and perform an exam to determine if testosterone should be measured using blood tests.
  • There are two types of blood tests that can be done to measure your testosterone.

Certain medical conditions can cause hypogonadism.

USE: AndroGel® (testosterone gel) 1% and 1.62%

AndroGel® (testosterone gel) 1% and 1.62% are controlled substances, available by prescription, used to treat adult males who have low or no testosterone due to certain medical conditions. It is not known if AndroGel is safe or effective to treat men who have low testosterone due to aging. It is not known if AndroGel is safe or effective in children younger than 18 years old. Testosterone products that are applied to the skin may have different doses, strengths, or application instructions that may lead to different levels of testosterone in your body.

Important Safety Information

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch or call 1-800-FDA-1088or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

If you cannot afford your medication, contact www.pparx.org for assistance.

Click here for Use and Important Safety Information.

Please see the full Prescribing Information for AndroGel on this website for more information.

References: 1. AndroGel 1.62% [package insert]. North Chicago, IL: AbbVie Inc. 2. AndroGel 1% [package insert]. North Chicago, IL: AbbVie Inc.