Androgen: a hormone, like testosterone, that causes the body to develop masculine characteristics..
Bone mineral density (BMD): a measurement of how thick and strong the bones in the body are.
Corticosteroids: medicines used to provide relief for inflamed areas of the body. They lessen swelling, redness, itching, and allergic reactions. They are often used as part of the treatment for a number of different diseases, such as severe allergies or skin problems, asthma, or arthritis. Corticosteroids may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Diabetes: a condition characterized by too much blood glucose in the body. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas no longer makes the hormone, insulin. When this happens, blood glucose cannot enter the cells to be used for energy. In type 2 diabetes, either the pancreas does not make enough insulin or the body is unable to use insulin correctly.
Drug interaction: certain medicines taken together may make your medicine less effective, cause unexpected side effects, or increase the action of one or more of the medicines. Be sure to tell your doctor about all of the medicines you are taking.
Erectile dysfunction (ED): the inability to achieve an erection all or some of the time, or the inability to sustain an erection.
Gynecomastia: enlarged breasts in men.
HDL: also known as high-density lipoprotein, this so-called good cholesterol is thought to protect against heart attack by carrying away buildup of cholesterol on artery walls.
Hormone: a chemical substance made in one part of the body that travels through the bloodstream and affects cells and tissues in another part of the body.
Hyperlipidemia : a higher than normal amount of fats or lipids in the blood. Hyperlipidemia is linked to high cholesterol and heart disease.
Hypertension: high blood pressure, usually defined as at least 140 mm Hg systolic pressure over 90 mm Hg diastolic pressure (140 over 90).
Hypogonadism: the medical condition caused by Low Testosterone (Low T), which means the body doesn't make enough testosterone; Low Testosterone may affect mood, muscle mass, bone mineral density, and sexual function.
Insulin: a hormone that helps the body use glucose for energy.
LDL: also known as low density lipoprotein, this is the so-called bad cholesterol that can clog those arteries that lead to the heart and the brain.
Low T: also known as Low Testosterone and can lead to a condition called hypogonadism, which means the body doesn't make enough testosterone; Low Testosterone may affect mood, muscle mass, bone mineral density, and sexual function.
Obese: defined as a BMI (body mass index) over 30 kg/m2. An adult male is considered obese when his weight is 20% or more over the maximum desirable for their height.
Osteoporosis: a condition marked by less than normal bone density. Low bone density can make bones brittle and increase the risk of breaking a bone.
Oxyphenbutazone: a medicine used to treat arthritis, gout, and similar conditions.
Pituitary gland: an endocrine gland suspended beneath the brain, supplying numerous hormones that control many vital processes. Some of the hormones it supplies that influence sexual function include follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone.
Propranolol: a medicine (beta-blocker) mostly used to treat high blood pressure.
Prostate specific antigen (PSA): a protein made by the cells of the prostate gland that can signal increased growth of the prostate. Doctors perform a PSA test to check for prostate disease.
Rheumatoid arthritis: chronic (long-term) disease that is characterized by inflammation of the joints and surrounding tissues.
Testosterone: a hormone that helps some of the body's organs work the way they should. It's one of the most important male sex hormones. Testosterone increases body and facial hair, deepens the voice, maintains sperm cell production, and controls sexual desire and function. Testosterone can also affect energy and mood.
Triglycerides: the chemical form in which most fat exists in food as well as in the body. Calories eaten and not used immediately for energy are converted to triglycerides and stored in cells for energy between meals.